Following up from yesterday’s discussion on how to measure corruption and its consequences, the second plenary session of the ERF’s 18th Annual Conference focused today on determinants of corruption. The session, chaired by Rima Khalaf (UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia) saw three speakers offering their perspectives on the issue.
Lisa Anderson (American University in Cairo) defined modern corruption as the diversion of goods from the public sphere to private gain. Historically, corruption has always existed but it is important to understand the modern notion of this factor so to adopt appropriate policies to root out corruption.
Mushtaq Khan (University of London) underlined that there are different drivers of corruptions in developing countries and it is not possible to target all of them at the same time. Hence, it is important to select and prioritize.
Finally, Jeffrey Nugent (University of Southern California and ERF) focused on the situation in the MENA region, which seems to record a higher corruption rate compared to other regions. He underlined the importance of homogenizing the regulations and promote transparency measures.
- Is the informal sector an ally in the fight against corruption?
- Corruption: Where is it in the MENA region? And what to do about it?